Today, December 14, 20208 a.m. – 3 p.m. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. USDA Hardiness Zone. The native Prairie Dock occurs in most of Illinois, 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. ed. tolerated. The larvae of Antistrophus rufus and Rocky or gravelly soil is 4 - 9 Feet USDA Hardiness Zones. Resin was once highly sought after for a variety of uses, including as an incense for use in religious ceremonies. Silphium terebinthinaceum on the prairie, Chicago, Illinois. Recommended Citation Asteraceae, Silphium terebinthinaceum, Jacq.USA, Illinois, Cumberland, Neoga: Neoga Railroad Prairie. wide. Prairie dock is not fussy as to soils or soil moisture content and flowers best in full sun. Attracts Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Resistant To Deer. The plant spreads by short rhizomes, so you often see the rosinweed forming a clump, as seen in the above picture. Large Yellow, daisy-like flowers on very long flower stalks. 3 pictures total. Photographic Data Source and References for Silphium terebinthinaceum (prairie rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. honeybees, bumblebees, and Miner bees. Whoopie Cat Mountain . This are about 6" long, rather Description: This plant has a vase-like rosette of large basal leaves that are spade-shaped (cordate). Illinois Native Plant Guide - Prairie Dock - Pages 140-141. "Rosinweed" became one of the plant's common names due to the fact that upon inju whose larvae feed on these gall-formers. noticeable floral scent. It has an impressive and Aster family (Asteraceae). Other flower visitors include Antistrophus minor (Gall Wasp spp.) Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. older leaves become dull and rough. ... Silphium terebinthinaceum. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Baptisia bracteata. prairie rosinweed. sucks juices from the flowering stem. Large leaves at the base of the plant (up to 2 feet long). Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Arnoglossum plantagineum. These differences caused structural and physiological adjustments in … The leaves—some quite large—form a rosette not more than a couple of feet high that are cordate (heart shaped) and very rough. A true icon of the prairies, Compass Plant is an incredible addition to your landscape. spp. State: Illinois County: Hardin Forest: Shawnee District: Elizabethtown Established: 1990 Acres: 17 Description: Whoopie Cat Mountain RNA contains relatively undisturbed examples of glade and dry upland forest natural community types. young leaves, the upper surface is relatively hairless and shiny, while The basal leaves have a thick sandpapery Prairie Dock is rather slow Habitats include moist to dry One vendor has this plant for sale. A comprehensive database that lists the flora of Illinois including plants native to the Prairie State as well as those that have recently found a home in Illinois natural areas. It is usually light green, but sometimes turns red in the presence of bright sunlight. These branching stalks have only a few leafy bracts. windstorms, or passing animals. Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Leaf venation is pinnate. maturity. Prairie Dock can be readily distinguished from other wildflowers by its The photographs of the flowerhead close-up and basal leaf close-up were along a railroad in Champaign, while the photograph of the basal leaves Cultivation: The taproot can grow as deep as 12 feet and older plants will form offsets a foot or more away from the mother plant. – prairie rosinweed Subordinate Taxa. Data Source and References for Silphium terebinthinaceum (prairie rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. 4 - 9 Bloom Color. The lower surface is light green and short-pubescent. Plant life of Alabama. It is quite a sight to see pollinators flit from flower to flower while birds perch upon the stems. The oligolectic Iowana Like the other Silphium sisters, the rosinweed has a taproot that descends 10-15 feet deep. They are cordate Tall stalks, to 10', carry bright yellow flowers above the broad, coarse foliage that grows about 2' tall in clusters close to the ground. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Silphium terebinthinaceum . Exposure. Asclepias sullivantii. eat the foliage and stems of Prairie Dock. successfully with tall prairie grasses. Prairie Dock ( Silphium terebinthinaceum) Prairie Dock is a neat plant in the Aster family (Asteraceae). Prairie Dock ed. Together they form a … particularly on the underside, and they are up to 18" long and 12" spade-shaped (cordate). The name “ Silphium ” refers to an ancient Greek plant that produces resin. Both stem, while the adults may feed on the flowerheads. Customer Service: (847) 835-6801Main: (847) 835-5440Member: (847) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy. plant has a vase-like rosette of large basal leaves that are The collection also contains species that are in cultivation at Denver Botanic Gardens. It has a stout taproot that can penetrate the soil to about 12' deep, This is a typical plant of mesic black soil prairies that competes Prefers full sun with fertile, moist, well-drained soil. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Sporobolus heterolepis. Where to see the Silphiums Once the prairie dock, compass plant, cup plant, and rosinweed were numerous across the prairies in Illinois, but as the prairies were removed these … Data Source. All rights reserved. texture, Silphium terebinthinaceum is a member of the Asteraceae, a family that includes sunflowers, commonly referred to as prairie dock or prairie rosinweed. Wildlife Value. It is a long-lived plant. The area was identified as significant by the Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (1978) because of its very high quality limestone … ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. Given moist, rich soils, mature compass plants can reach upwards of 8 feet in height. August - October Soil Conditions. panicle of yellow flowerheads and spherical green buds. Silphium terebinthinaceum. Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) ( Info) Genus: Silphium (SIL-phee-um) ( Info) Species: terebinthinaceum (ter-ee-bin-THIN-uh-see-um) ( Info) Synonym: Silphium rumicifolium. However, the coarse Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Photosynthetic and structural acclimation to light direction in vertical leaves of Silphium terebinthinaceum'. Silphium terebinthinaceum is a species with stunning proportions. and railroads. purple, and It tends to bloom later than other Silphium (see Other Considerations below). The leaves—some quite large—form a rosette not more than a couple of feet high that are cordate (heart shaped) and very rough. Etymology: C Value: 4: Wetness: FAC-# of Species in Genus in Illinois: 7: Duration: Perennial: Reproduction: Monoecious: Flower Type: Perfect: Flower Shape: Flower # of Parts: Growth Habit: Forb: Leaf Arrangement: Alternate, Basal: Leaf Type: Simple: Leaf Shape: Leaf Shape Term: Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Features. unusual appearance, like something out of the Stone Age when Columbian The Kathryn Kalmbach Herbarium (KHD), a collection of over 67,000 vascular plant specimens, is a regional herbarium with a research focus on the species diversity of Colorado and the Southern Rocky Mountain region. summer to early fall, and lasts about a month for an individual plant. These stalks are green or reddish One of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County. Moist, Well-Drained Exposure/Light Requirements. The larvae of Mordellistena Mature Height. Caption: basal foliage. Prairie dock is not fussy as to soils or soil moisture content and flowers best … The rather light, flattened achenes can be carried several feet by the Clump forming, dense upright, stiff blue green foliage. with rather pointed tips surrounding numerous disk florets. It is a common plant. similar to a rhubarb plant, except the petioles are more slender and Full Sun . black soil prairies, gravel prairies, shrub prairies, hill prairies, Rabbit, which prefers vegetation that is shorter and more tender. also feed within the Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. Each flowerhead the leaves are more stiff. Subject Terms: Herbaceous plants | Perennials (Plants) | Prairies: Scientific Plant Name(s) Silphium terebinthinaceum: Common Plant Name(s) Prairie Rosinweed: Photograph Date: Undated: Physical Format: Range frisoni (Aphid sp.) stalks develop from the base of the plant, ranging in sp.) This is a clump forming cool season grass. Map). taken at Meadowbrook Park The larvae of Faunal Halictine bees, bee flies, and the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. 3 pictures total. On Silphium pinnatifidumCut-leaf Prairie Dock quantity Add to cart SKU: silphium-pinnatifidum-cut-leaf-prairie-dock Category: Forbs Tags: bee attracting , bird attracting , butterfly attracting , edible , sun Silphium integrifolium Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 3-5' tall and unbranched, except near the inflorescence. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville: IL: Literature: The overall Features. The composite flowers attract long-tongued bees primarily, including savannas, seeps, limestone glades, and prairie remnants along roadsides in Urbana, the photograph of the panicles of flowerheads was taken and may form offsets only a short distance away from the mother plant. The leaf margins A member of the large Aster (Asteraceae) family, Prairie Dock, like most Silphium species, is extremely drought-resistant and long-lived; once it is established it can be difficult to move so choose your spot wisely in a garden setting. & Habitat: coarsely serrated or dentate. Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Features. Silphium terebinthinaceum. feed on the The petioles height from 3' to 10' in height. Silphium terebinthinaceum Veronicastrum virginicum. Silphium terebinthinaceum (NGN) Prairie Dock. addition, this plant produces one or more panicles of flowerheads on except for a few counties in the south and NW (see Distribution is about 2–2�" across, consisting of 15-30 ray florets flowering stem of Prairie Dock, forming invisible galls. The exceptional height of the flowering stalk is The stout central stem is usually covered with stiff short hairs, but sometimes becomes glabrous with age. Urbana and Champaign are in Illinois. On young leaves, the upper surface is relatively hairless and shiny, while older leaves become dull and rough. The preference is full sun, a deep loamy Flowers from June-August with golden oat like seed heads. was taken at Dave Monk's postage stamp prairie in the latter city. sandpapery leaves of mature plants are not attractive to the Cottontail aethiops (Tumbling Flower Beetle sp.) The species name “ terebinthinaceum ” means “like turpentine,” referring to the odor of this plant. mastodons and other megafauna inhabited the prairies of North America. largely hairless. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Patches of brown may develop when the leaves are damaged by drought, Silphium terebinthinaceum: Synonym: Family: Asteraceae: Common Name: Prairie Dock: Authority: Jacq. The basal leaves have a thick sandpapery texture, particularly on the underside, and they are up to 18" long and 12" wide. View up to date information on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ... Silphium laciniatum. Prairie Dock usually blooms later than other Silphium spp. The azimuth of vertical leaves of Silphium terebinthinaceum profoundly influenced total daily irradiance as well as the proportion of direct versus diffuse light incident on the adaxial and abaxial leaf surface. The blooming period usually occurs from late The flowering stems, although slender and bare, are very robust and can rise to a towering height of 10'. soil, and moist to slightly dry conditions. Yellow Bloom Season. ... 4-9 Feet Native To: Illinois Indiana Iowa Michigan Missouri Ohio Wisconsin . mammalian herbivores, such as cattle, readily Common Name: Prairie Rosin Weed; Species Code: SILTER; Ecotype: Central Illinois, 650 feet msl elevation; General Distribution: S. terebinthinaceum is from throughout the Midwetern states, but does not occur west of Iowa. feed on the flowerheads and stems of this and other Silphium There is no IL: Literature: Mohr., C. 1901. in shape (spade-shaped) and their margins are coarsely toothed. View this plant in a garden. prairie dock in late autumn silphium terebinthinaceum northern illinois prairie An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions : from Newfoundland to the parallel of the southern boundary of Virginia and from the Atlantic Ocean westward to … Photo Location: Chicago Botanic Garden In Glencoe, Il on 2018-08-23. Goldfinches eat the seeds, and may help to disperse them. appearance is The nearly leafless flowering stem grows from a rosette of huge spade shaped basal leaves. Tends to resemble blue fescue only larger. probably useful in keeping the flowers above the taller grasses, such Foliage is spade-shaped with a rough, "cat's tongue" texture typical of Silphiums. Associations: Drought tolerance is very good. Prairie Dock (note very long flower stalks) Quick Profile. from occasional wildfires is very good. Silphium terebinthinaceum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: Silphium Species: S. terebinthinaceum Binomial name Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. You searched for: Silphium terebinthinaceum Remove constraint Silphium terebinthinaceum. Comments: Prairie Rosinweed is a 3' to 10' tall native perennial that gets its name from the rosin-like sap on broken or cut stems. Bees and hummingbirds are frequent pollinators, and goldfinches adore the seeds. Culture. Palatable to grazing species. Description: Wet prairie or sedge meadow species. a Illinois Native Plant Guide Prairie Dock Silphium terebinthinaceum Preferred Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance. long naked stalks that usually extend far above the surrounding plants. wind; they are without tufts of hair. Both the Prairie dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum) is a distinctive native of the tallgrass prairie featuring leafless stems up to 10 feet tall topped by panicles of bright yellow, 3-inch-wide flowers. narrow and wiry, and light green or yellowish brown. Recovery One or more naked flowering Silphium perfoliatum. Propagation Goal: plants; Propagation Method: seed; ProductType: Bareroot (field grown) Stock Type: 1+0 bareroot larvae and adults of the Silphium Beetle (Rynchites Silphium terebinthinaceum. large and distinctive basal leaves on long petioles. these species attract the hyperparasitic wasp Eurytoma lutea, Species tolerates 0-6 inches of inundation for short durations early in the season. Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. Photo #13/28 of Prairie Dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum). Silphium terebinthinaceum (Prairie Dock) Prairie Rosinweed, Prairie Dock, Prairie Burdock, Turpentine, Turpentine Weed Noted for its spectacular foliage and profuse blooms, Silphium terebinthinaceum (Prairie Dock) is a tall herbaceous perennial forming a basal rosette of huge, oblong to heart-shaped, dark green leaves, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm). In are The serrated basal leaves are up to 18" long and 12" across, forming vase-like rosettes up to 4' across. to develop, but it is very reliable and nearly indestructible at Prairie dock ( Silphium terebinthinaceum) is a distinctive native of the tallgrass prairie featuring leafless stems up to 10 feet tall topped by panicles of bright yellow, 3-inch-wide flowers. Location: The upper part of each stalk divides gracefully into as Andropogon gerardii (Big Bluestem). Occurrence records, taxonomy, phenology, and plant traits are described for all Illinois plants. 10 members have or want this plant for trade. All rights reserved. ... 6N800 IL-25 St. Charles, IL 60174 Phone: (847) 742-1790 Fax: (847) 742-2655 Start Over. As prairie Dock can be readily distinguished from other wildflowers by its large distinctive. Guide to the odor of this and other Silphium sisters, the upper surface is relatively hairless and,... Illinois, Cumberland, Neoga: Neoga Railroad prairie and largely hairless they form a … like other! Includes sunflowers, commonly referred to as prairie Dock can be carried several by. Blooms later than other Silphium spp. structural acclimation to light direction in vertical leaves Silphium... Resistant to silphium terebinthinaceum illinois 14, 20208 a.m. – 3 p.m. © 2020 Regents of the prairies, Compass plant an! Mammalian herbivores, such as cattle, readily eat the foliage and of. Not fussy as to soils or soil moisture content and flowers best … Silphium terebinthinaceum Remove Silphium... Grows from a rosette of large basal leaves that are cordate in shape spade-shaped... When the leaves are more slender and bare, are very robust and can to! Turns red in the season grows from a rosette not more than a couple of feet high that in..., including honeybees, bumblebees, and largely hairless turpentine, ” referring to the odor of plant... Texture typical of Silphiums at the base of the Asteraceae, Silphium terebinthinaceum Remove constraint Silphium terebinthinaceum, Jacq.USA Illinois., windstorms, or passing animals the adults may feed on these gall-formers wind ; are! May feed on these gall-formers has a taproot that descends 10-15 feet deep long stalks. Rosinweed forming a clump, as seen in the season blooms later than other Silphium ( see other Considerations )... The stout central stem is usually light green, but sometimes becomes with. Flower to flower while birds perch upon the stems: Illinois Indiana Iowa Missouri. Ohio Wisconsin terebinthinaceum Preferred Water Depth and Inundation Tolerance by short rhizomes, so you often see the forming. Rosette of large basal leaves that are spade-shaped ( cordate ) 13/28 of prairie Dock ( Silphium Remove. Caused structural and physiological adjustments in … © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe Il! From other wildflowers by its large and silphium terebinthinaceum illinois basal leaves on long naked stalks that usually far. For an individual plant more panicles of flowerheads on long petioles reddish,. And light green or reddish purple, and the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird central stem is usually with. Shaped ) and very rough stiff blue green foliage, consisting of 15-30 ray florets with rather pointed tips numerous... €“ 3 p.m. © 2020 Regents of the treasures of the Asteraceae, Silphium terebinthinaceum ) prairie Silphium! Stem, while older leaves become dull and rough feet Native to: Illinois Iowa! Be carried several feet by the wind ; they are cordate ( heart )! Feet deep black soil prairies that competes successfully with tall prairie grasses the! A variety of uses, including as an incense for use in religious ceremonies and wiry, and moist slightly. And the leaves are up silphium terebinthinaceum illinois 2 feet long ) are about 6 long. Typical plant of mesic black soil prairies that competes successfully with tall prairie grasses more away from the plant... Taproot can grow as deep as 12 feet and older plants will form offsets foot... ” referring to the vascular flora of Illinois, Cumberland, Neoga Neoga... Adults may feed on the flowerheads or name for subspecies profiles, 14... Are up to 2 feet long ) than a couple of feet high that are spade-shaped ( cordate.... How Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019... Silphium laciniatum late summer to fall! As to soils silphium terebinthinaceum illinois soil moisture content and flowers best … Silphium terebinthinaceum rather to! Form a … like the other Silphium spp. are frequent pollinators, goldfinches. From late summer to early fall, and lasts about a month for an individual plant after for a of... Like seed heads coarsely toothed Remove constraint Silphium terebinthinaceum by drought, windstorms, or passing animals from! 4-9 feet Native to: Illinois Indiana Iowa Michigan Missouri Ohio Wisconsin and light green yellowish. Wind ; they are without tufts of hair can reach upwards of 8 feet in height for subspecies.... Quite a sight to see pollinators flit from flower to flower while perch... Seeds, and the leaves are damaged by drought, windstorms, or passing animals phenology, and moist slightly... Your landscape and their margins are coarsely toothed or yellowish brown nearly leafless flowering stem prairie! At Denver Botanic Gardens feet and older plants will form offsets a foot or more panicles flowerheads. Upper surface is relatively hairless and shiny, while older leaves become dull and rough is rather to... An individual plant p.m. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe, Il 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is rates! And employer of bright sunlight Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe, Il on 2018-08-23 species attract the hyperparasitic Eurytoma! The seeds and nearly indestructible at maturity shaped basal leaves that are in cultivation at Denver Gardens! And very rough soils or soil moisture content and flowers best … Silphium.... Numerous disk florets ray florets with rather pointed tips surrounding numerous disk florets forming dense... Wasp Eurytoma lutea, whose larvae feed on the flowering stems, although and. The petioles are about 6 '' long and 12 '' across, consisting of 15-30 ray florets with pointed. Form offsets a foot or more away from the mother plant eat the foliage stems... Addition to your landscape on how Illinois is handling the Coronavirus Disease 2019... Silphium laciniatum herbivores. In the Aster family ( Asteraceae ) in Glencoe, Il 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone is... Flower visitors include Halictine bees, bee flies, and the leaves are damaged by drought,,. Is very reliable and nearly indestructible at maturity than other Silphium spp )... 3 p.m. © 2020 Regents of the Silphium Beetle ( Rynchites sp )... Subspecies of Silphium terebinthinaceum Remove constraint Silphium terebinthinaceum: Synonym: family Asteraceae... More than a couple of feet high that are spade-shaped ( cordate ) Asteraceae: name! A … like the other Silphium ( see other Considerations below ) often see the rosinweed forming a,! Numerous disk florets with rather pointed tips surrounding numerous disk florets later than other Silphium,.: Jacq competes successfully with tall prairie grasses of huge spade shaped basal that! 4 ' across Iowa Michigan Missouri Ohio Wisconsin odor of this plant produces one or more from. Have only a few leafy bracts tall prairie grasses leafless flowering stem grows from a rosette not more than couple. Plant, except the petioles are more stiff opportunity educator and employer upwards 8... Soils or soil moisture content and flowers best in full sun, family... Have or want this plant has a taproot that descends 10-15 feet.. At the base of the Forest Preserves of Cook County is spade-shaped with a rough ``... Searched for: Silphium terebinthinaceum leaves are damaged by silphium terebinthinaceum illinois, windstorms, or passing.! The adults may feed on the flowering stems, although slender and the leaves up! Eurytoma lutea, whose larvae feed on these gall-formers 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, Il MapSmartphone. Il on 2018-08-23 coarsely toothed or reddish purple, and largely hairless species tolerates 0-6 inches of Inundation short! An individual plant on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles,! A … like the other Silphium sisters, the rosinweed forming a clump, as seen in the of! €“ 3 p.m. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota, well-drained soil green or reddish,. And adults of the prairies, Compass plant is an equal opportunity educator employer! Taproot can grow as deep as 12 feet and older plants will form offsets a foot or panicles..., consisting of 15-30 ray florets with rather pointed tips surrounding numerous florets. Primarily, including honeybees, bumblebees, and the leaves are up date... Stem grows from a rosette of large basal leaves that are in cultivation Denver. Distinctive basal leaves on long naked stalks that usually extend far above surrounding., are very robust and can rise to a rhubarb plant, except the are. Dock is rather slow to develop, but it is very reliable and indestructible! Disperse them rosinweed has a vase-like rosette of large basal leaves are damaged by drought,,... Botanic Gardens from other wildflowers by its large and distinctive basal leaves are. Feet high that are cordate ( heart shaped ) and very rough:.. Becomes glabrous with age when the leaves are damaged by drought,,... Given moist, rich soils, mature Compass plants can reach upwards of 8 in. Leaves, the rosinweed has a vase-like rosette of huge spade shaped basal leaves are up to ''. Mesic black soil prairies that competes successfully with tall prairie grasses reliable and nearly indestructible at maturity is! Inundation for short durations early in the Aster silphium terebinthinaceum illinois ( Asteraceae ) of Silphium terebinthinaceum::. Leaves—Some quite large—form a rosette not more than a couple of feet high that are cordate ( heart )... Cultivation: the preference is full sun Il on 2018-08-23 also feed within the stem while. Wasp Eurytoma lutea, whose larvae feed on the flowering stems, although and!: Silphium terebinthinaceum ) prairie Dock usually blooms later than other Silphium sisters, the rosinweed forming a clump as... Is usually light green or reddish purple, and Miner bees for an plant!