As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance. However, the process of secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and symbols. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. I am proud of the way that I have grown in my religion and my faith. Religion creates diversities among people. There is a list of pros and cons of teaching religion in public schools - stick to any of them and write a good argumentative essay based on two argumentative essay samples. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. An attitude makes a thing holy. But it has succeeded in providing a structure and ethical code. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. My life has been a full one and it has been steeped in religion. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. Sacred things are symbols. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. The philosophy of religion. And further religious people donate more money for charities. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India. My spirits, I am guilty of freedom, I feel, there is a positive happiness and joy in my life there. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.”, Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and beyond the controllable.”, According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.”, As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.”. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. 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